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Weber SR, Parchment KI. The role of religion and spirituality in mental health. Curr Opin Psychiatry. 2014;27(5):358-63. doi:10.1097/YCO.0000000000000000000080 There are many types of religions, including the world`s great religious traditions, which are widely known, as well as much lesser-known belief systems of smaller populations. Some of them represent monotheism or belief in one god, while others are examples of polytheism or belief in several gods. The Chinese Communist Party has a bad reputation for taking action against religion. Some jurisdictions refuse to classify certain religions as religions, arguing that they are instead heresies, even though they are widely considered a religion in academia. [11] Since these studies are observational (researchers observe what happens in the real world without actively controlling any of the conditions or randomizing participants), it cannot be said with certainty whether religious attendance increases life expectancy or not. When researchers study the effects of religion, all of these factors must be taken into account, as well as the possibility that religion itself may affect health. This led to a line of research examining the health effects of religion to determine what positive benefits religion might have for life expectancy. However, this research is difficult due to several factors that are difficult to control, including: It must be said: sectarianism in the name of religion is always sectarianism; Child abuse wrapped in a Bible verse is always child abuse. Dubuisson prefers the term „cosmographic training“ to religion.

Dubuisson says that with the advent of religion as a distinct category of culture and society, religious studies emerged. The initial purpose of religious studies was to demonstrate the superiority of the living or universal European worldview over dead or ethnic religions scattered throughout the rest of the world, and to extend Schleiermacher and Tiele`s teleological project into an ideal global religiosity. [42] Due to the evolution of theological currents, this was eventually replaced by a liberal-ecumenical interest in the search for Universal Western-style truths in all cultural traditions. [40] For example, Connecticut, which requires voters to report to their polling stations on election day unless they are unable to do so due to illness, physical disability or religion, has extended absentee voting to all eligible residents. Religion is a set of organized beliefs, practices, and systems that relate primarily to the belief and worship of a controlling force such as a personal God or other supernatural being. While this is a basic definition, there are many different understandings of what religion is, and not all religions focus on believing in a god, gods, or supernatural forces. A deeply controversial film at the time of its release due to its dark, cynical, even sinister view of organized religion, Hunchback is perhaps Disney`s most intense film. Even the religion of this modern century carries the deep impression of the brand that calendars its financial value.

Studies suggest that religion has the potential to help and harm mental health and well-being. On the positive side, religion and spirituality can help foster positive beliefs, foster community support, and teach positive coping skills. On the other hand, negative religious adaptation, misunderstandings and harmful negative beliefs that actually have a detrimental effect on mental health. Ultimately, the boundary between magic and religion could be something artificial. The famous psychoanalyst Sigmund Freud described religion as a form of fulfillment of wishes. However, modern psychology recognizes that religion can play an important role in an individual`s life and experiences, and can even improve health and well-being. In fact, studies have shown that religion can help people develop healthy habits, regulate their behavior, and understand their emotions — all factors that can affect your health. The definition of religion is a controversial and complicated topic in religious studies, although scholars cannot agree on a definition. Oxford Dictionaries defines religion as the belief and worship of a superhuman power of control, especially a personal god or gods.

[1] Others, such as Wilfred Cantwell Smith, sought to correct a perceived Judeo-Christian and Western prejudice in the definition and study of religion. Thinkers like Daniel Dubuisson[2] have doubted that the term religion has a meaning outside Western cultures, while others, like Ernst Feil[3], even doubt that it has a specific and universal meaning there too. George Lindbeck, a Lutheran and post-liberal (but not a social constructivist) theologian, says that religion does not refer to belief in God or a transcendent absolute, but to „a kind of cultural and/or linguistic framework or medium that shapes all life and thought.“ It sounds like a sentence that allows the description of realities, the formulation of beliefs and the experience of attitudes, feelings and inner feelings. [52] More recently, in The Invention of Religion in Japan, Josephson argued that while the concept of religion was Christian in its original formulation, non-Europeans (like the Japanese) not only tolerated and passively accepted the meaning of the term. Instead, they worked to strategically interpret religion (and its limitations) to live up to their own agendas, staging these new meanings for a global audience. [50] In nineteenth-century Japan, Buddhism was radically transformed from a pre-modern philosophy of natural law into a religion as Japanese leaders worked to address national and international political concerns. In summary, Josephson argues that European encounters with other cultures led to a partial dechristianization of the category of religion. Therefore, religion refers to a confusing set of traditions without a possible coherent definition.

[51] A study by Naseem and colleagues at Blue Veins found that the reasons for child marriage are a complex environment of culture, religion and poverty. Talal Asad then refined this idea by showing that many hypotheses about religion come specifically from post-Enlightenment Christianity. [46] Assad argues that before the word religion was in common use, Christianity was a discipline, a rule, just like that of the Roman Empire. .